Foreign and domestic experience with evaluating student’s success in universities and colleges
The assessment system in numerous countries has its very own peculiarities that are own. For instance, in United states advanced schooling organizations evaluation of students is carried call at credits. Each credit requires a one-hour (50 min.) lecture, a presentation at a seminar or participation in a(3-hour that is laboratory-practical classroom. In addition, students must invest couple of hours on non-attendance training. Throughout the semester program (3 hours each week), 3 credits are credited for just two hours seminary classes, 3 credits for 2-3 hours laboratory lessons and something credit per semester.
Pupils take exams through the core disciplines at the center and also at the final end associated with semester. Evaluate understanding of the letter system: A («excellent»), B («good»), C («satisfactory»), B («satisfactory with a minus»), E («unsatisfactory»). In the event of «satisfactory with a minus» the learning pupil is obliged to hear the program once again also to pass the exam. The criterion of success is an normal semester rating. Pupils regarded as being a learning pupil whom received 2 points and higher. The surname of this student whom scored 3.5 points is entered into the honorary listing of the dean’s workplace. A student whom scored from 1.7 to 1.99 points gets a warning in regards to the need certainly to enhance performance, if he recovers this same score or from 1.1 to 1.7, then gets a critical caution. In cases where a student receives 1.1 points for a semester or has severe warnings and can not score a rating of 2, or when after caution gaining lower than 1.7 points, he is taken removed from the institution.
European experience of evaluating student’s success
In Germany, pupils’ familiarity with higher education organizations is evaluated for a system that is 5-point
- «very good» (1),
- «good» (2),
- «satisfactory» (3),
- «enough» (4),
- «not sufficient» (5).
Success can also be defined in credits. One credit hour per semester means the student must work within one week of 1 hour out of this discipline. For the 4-year term, the pupil must make 150-160 credits.
Italian universities have an interest in an operational system needless to say exams, that are accepted by commissions composed of three teachers, every one of that may put a maximum of 10 points. The defense of written theses or even a draft in the front of the payment of 11 instructors is a exam that is final. The score that is total achieve 110 points.
The integration for the advanced schooling system to the European space that is educational the development of a credit-module system in advanced schooling institutions, a particular spot within the system of assessment of this standard of expert training associated with graduate, obliges each teacher to review the feeling of foreign and domestic degree, artistically make use of it in the practical activity.
Rating system of student’s success assessment
The rating system of evaluation of knowledge primarily activates the pupil’s independent work, makes it rhythmic and systematic throughout the semester; better educated and cognitive activity is motivated, the part of promoting autonomy, initiative, responsibility, creativity in educational and cognitive activity increases; the objectivity of this assessment is increased, almost totally unrelated to your successful or unsuccessful reply to the score or exam; the emotional anxiety during the test decreases dramatically. In addition, it permits the teacher to individualize learning and an approach that is differentiated students, contributes to the rational construction associated with student during the semester, especially throughout the exam sessions.
Implementation of the rating system of evaluation within the process that is educational the biased way of the evaluation of students’ knowledge; will act as a highly effective way of encouraging academic and intellectual task; raises the student’s duty for learning outcomes; promotes the utilization of the concept of individualization of education; removes the situation of going to classes; frees the student time for classes by interests; the character of cooperation prevails when ultius review you look at the audience, the instructor ceases to be a manager, an such like.
Consequently, the instructor must be cautious and artistically to use the criteria and norms for assessing the data, skills and abilities of students. It must be guided by the systematic principles of this methodology of educational work, attentively connect with each pupil, taking into consideration his inclinations, passions and aspirations, to exhibit principles that are high tact.